Jos Steel Rolling Company

JOS STEEL ROLLING COMPANY LTD,
AZI NYAKO INDUSTRIAL AREA JOS
PLATEAU STATE

BACKGROUND

The Company is one of the three inland steel rolling mills established solely by the Federal Government of Nigeria as part of the efforts to enhance the development of the steel sub-sector. It was constructed by Mannessman Demag and electrified by AEG-Telefunken. It was incorporated on 23rd January 1981 and commissioned in 1983.The Mill has an installed capacity of 210,000 metric tonnes per annum of finished steel products.

The Company was established with a mission to jointly transform the economy of Nigeria. The steel sector as a backbone of any industrial development, the Company has made positive contributions to the economy through key areas such as:

  • Provision of employment opportunities for Nigerians, which has also served as an avenue for technological transfer.
  • Promotion of industrialization through the setting up of down-stream industries that depend on it for raw materials. Such companies include: High Steel and Allied Products Ltd, Jos, Kuda Nails Ltd, Bauchi, Leman Industries Ltd, Kaduna and Oscar Steel Ltd, Kabba, among others.
  • Increase in commercial activities through the haulage of materials and finished products and distribution of finished products.
  • Conservation of foreign exchange which otherwise could have been spent through the importation of rolled steel products.
  • Provision of input for infrastructural development such as the construction of bridges, buildings etc
PRODUCTS

The products of the Company are:

  • Bars: Plain mild steel bars or deformed high tensile bars for structural or concrete reinforcement respectively. Product size ranges from 10mm to 40mm
  • Coils: Water and Air-induced cooled wire coils either plain or deformed with size ranges of 6mm to 12mm

The Company, by strategic design, and in direct relationship with other Federal Government Steel companies, markets its products in the North – Eastern parts of the country. However, due to high demand for steel products from the eastern part of the country, the company also supplies its products to that axis of the country.

EQUITY STRUCTURE:

100%FG OWNERSHIP.  Jos Steel Rolling Company was incorporated by a decree. It was under National Steel Council Decree (N0 60) 1979 now revised as National Steel Council Act Cap.281 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 1990. The Federal Government wholly owns the company.

PLANNED MODE OF privatisation:Liquidation

The Market environment:

The companies’ products are sold through registered distributors, government contractors and down stream industries e.g. nail manufacturers. The market has growth potentials especially in the middle belt as the Federal Capital City of Abuja is still under construction. There is no local competition yet since the private steel companies are small comparatively and are incapable of meeting local demand. The competition however is strictly on the importation of billets and finished steel products.

The company is constrained by its location in having a wider distribution channel. The demand for the company’s products is more in the Eastern part of Nigeria. Cost of transportation is thus a constraint to the company in the importation of machinery, spare parts and in its effort to reach more costumers.

ENTERPRISE DATA

The Business Opportunity:

Product Type:

  1. Bars: plain mild steel bars of deformed high tensile bars for structural or concrete reinforcement
  2. Coils: water and air – induced cooled wire coils either plain or deformed with size ranges of 6mm too 12 mm
  3. Scraps: These are cut – billets cropped ends, twisted profiles which are incidentals from production

The core users of the company’s products are construction firms and civil engineering contractors. The company operates a well-equipped modern laboratory for performing the tasks of quality control and analysis. Both the raw materials and finished products go through the quality control process.

Non-destructive Testing (NDT) involves physical and visual inspection for the purpose of detecting internal and external flaws, piping, cast-interruption, cracks, ‘over-lengths’ and other defects which are judged to hamper production smoothness. Magnaflux/Ultrasound Tests are designed to detect micro and macro internal cracks of finished products. Tensile, compression, impact bending and hardness tests and rib control as mechanical and physical methods quality control of finished products are carried out to conform to international standards e.g. DIN 17100, DIN 488, NIS etc Photometric, volumetric and gravimetric methods of chemical analysis to ascertain the chemical composition of incoming material and finished products while Metallographic examinations are carried out to ascertain structural conformity to specifications.

The status of the facilities in the Company

Over 80% of the Company’s mechanical and electrical facilities as well as the auxiliary Installations and plants for production are in functional working conditions.

The Performance of the Enterprise

The performance of the Enterprise has been severely affected by several infrastructural and operational problems similar to those of other Public enterprises, including:

  •     Lack of linkage of the enterprise power supply to the national grid of NEPA
  •     Acute shortage of working capital.

However, as a prime industrial enterprise in the city of Jos which, like some other cities in the North, has otherwise suffered commercial dislocation from the sudden development of the new Federal Capital Territory of Abuja in the last decade, its workforce has been well trained to maintain the machinery and equipment in excellent condition for the successful bidder who is expected to breathe life into this otherwise dormant industrial complex.

Hence, its performance can be assessed both from the scope of utilization of its installed capacity and the financial results thus generated over the years as follows:

History of actual capacity utilization:
YearInputCapacity Utilization (%)Output (tonnes)
198339,091.0018.637,136.16
198426,010.0012.424,709.50
198570,301.0033.566,785.77
198627,630.613.226,246.06
198721,485.211.920,410.93
198818,650.2110.417,717.7
198921,076.5711.719,221.16
199022,771.9712.720,386.60
199113,063.977.311,766.03
199211,294.126.310,089.89
19936,497.433.65,815.30
199410,733.806.09,625.43
199513,109.427.311,967.67
19963,213.661.82,894.31
1997Nil00
19981,540.710.861,285.44
1999Nil00
2000Nil00
20012,5521.41,568.89
20022,3911.31,498.04

 Financial Summary: 1998-2002

Year2002

N

000

2001

N

000

2000

N

000

1999

N

000

1998

N

000

Sales25,66712,00027,5326,081
Other Income1,8121,8205,9122,7221,372
Cost of sale(177,509)(132,126)(46,034)(66,082)(47,039)
Loss Posted(1,507,644)(1,126,538)(859,413)(672,903)(520,145)

Accordingly, the financial results are a good lens for the operational handicaps the Enterprise’s management has been experiencing i.e. from the ‘half-filled cup’ perspective: if the Enterprise achieved operational losses of N1.1 billion and N1.5 billion respectively in 2001 and 2002 respectively from utilizing only 1.4% and 1.3% of its installed capacity, what profit prospects await the right investor who can increase the company’s capacity utilization to 90% or even 100%.

PROSPECTS

The prospects for the Company’s fast turn-around depends on how fast the enterprise’s operational challenges are contained to jump-start it’s effective utilization of its production facilities on a large scale to increase its operational efficiency through the absorption of its largely fixed costs in addition to its modest variable costs. The following forecast is premised on the gradual increase of its capacity utilization level from 50% in 2005, and 90% in each of 2006, 2007 and 2008 respectively.

PROFIT FORECAST: 2004-2008
Years2004

N 000

2005

 N‘000

2006

N ‘000

2007

 N‘000

2008

N ‘000

Turn Over3,591,0006,583,50013,035,33014,338,86315,772,746
Less cost of sales4,314,3386,720,55811,625,89712,323,1551,067,467
Gross profit/(loss)(723,338)(137,058)1,409,4332,015,7082,705,282
      
Overheads608,792917,9261,049,974886,892745,670
Net profit/ (loss)(1,332,130)(1,054,985)359,4591,128,8161,959,612
Taxation12,84124,063107,838338,645587,884
Profit after tax(1,344,971)(1,079,048)251,621790,1711,371,729