Address Of Enterprise
KM 16 Kachia Road
The refinery was commissioned in 1980 to supply petroleum products to Northern Nigeria with a capacity of 50,000 B/D. In 1983, the capacity was expanded to 100,000 B/D by adding a second 50,000 B/D crude train dedicated to the production of lubricating oils (lubes). In 1986, the capacity of the first crude train was expanded to 60,000 B/D. The expansions have increased the current nameplate capacity of the refinery to 110,000 B/D.
Crude Distillation Unit CDU – 1 (Fuels)
CDU – 1 feeds the fuels train of the refinery. It was designed to process 50,000 B/D of Nigerian crude (a 50/50 blend of Escravos and Forcados) and later revamped to 60, 000 by adding a pre-flash column and a second heater. The unit is designed to late 1970s standards, which make it an energy efficient design.
Crude Distillation Unit CDU – 2 (Lubes)
CDU – 2 feeds the lube. CDU –2 is currently not functioning because the utilities performance is not up to par and cannot support the running of the unit.
This unit consists of a production complex with a target of 91 tonnes per day of Linear Alkly Benzene (LAB), which is the major feedstock for the production of detergents. It was commissioned in 1988 and uses UOP process technologies.
The main refining units and their capacities are shown below:
|Crude Distillation, Fuels||CDU – 1||60,000 B/D|
|Vacuum Distillation, Fuels||VDU – 1||15,200 B/D|
|Fluid Catalytic Cracking||FCCU||21,000 B/D|
|Naptha Hydrotreating||NHU||24,000 B/D|
|Kerosene Hydrotreating||KHT||17,500 B/D|
|Catalytic Reforming||CRU||17,500 B/D|
|Sulphur Recovery||SRU||10 Tonnes/day|
|Crude Distillation, Lubes||CDU –2||50,000 B/D|
|Vacuum Distillation, Lubes||VDU – 2||23,000 B/D|
|Propane Deasphalting||PDU||7,860 B/D|
|Furfural Extraction||FEU||12,450 B/D|
|MEK Dewaxing||MDU||5,300 – 9,400 (depending on what base oil is being produced)|
|Wax Deoiling||WHU||75 Tonnes/day|
|Asphalt Blowing||ABU||6,000 B/D|
|Linear Alkyl Benzene||LAB||91 tonnes/day|
The refinery has all the utilities (on site) required for its operation. The installed capacities of the utility plants are shown below:
|Electricity – Steam Turbines||4 X 14 MW|
|Steam Boilers||5 X 120 t/hr @ 42 bar|
|Raw water treatment||750 m3/hr|
|Cooling Water||18,100 m3/hr|
|Demineralised Water||340 m3/hr|
|Instrument Air||3 X 6000 Nm3/hr|
|Waste Water treatment plant||N/A|
The refinery produces various yields of crude oil by products as shown below:
LPG Gasoline Jet/Kerosene Gas-oil/Diesel Fuel Oil
Asphalt Lubricants Waxes LAB/Petrochemicals
|PRODUCTS OUT OF KRPC 1999 – APRIL 4TH 2003|
The above table shows 2003 production statistics till April 4th before the plants were shut down due to operational reasons.
From current Government pronouncements, Nigeria has embarked on the road to full petroleum products pricing liberalisation. This would allow adequate and fair returns on investment.
The refinery has a capacity of 110,00 B/D. However since 1983 it has never achieved full throughput and production has declined apart from the early 1990’s, which saw a brief upswing in production.
The throughput for the refinery in 2002 was about 40,000 B/D as against the nameplate capacity of 110,000 B/D, which translates to about a 36% capacity utilization.
|PLANT CAPACITY UTILISATION 1999 – APRIL 4TH 2003|
|CDU – 1||46.03||45.66||60.9||63.38||59.42|
|CDU – 2||3.42||0||0||14.66||24.45|
The inefficient operation of the refinery could be attributed to these main issues listed below solving of which would ensure that the refinery could be run at an optimum capacity.
- Crude oil is currently being supplied by pipeline from the Escravos terminal, which is located along the volatile Niger Delta area.
- Refurbishing of the existing utilities of the plant so that they would perform at optimum and meet all the operational requirements of the refinery.
Five (5) Year Financial Summary (All Figures in N)
|(Deficit) for the year||(222,079,124)||(6,643,660,638)||(7,397,333,812)||(4,255,220,472)||(7,319,221,190)|
|Earnings per share||(44.42)||(1,328.73)||(1,479.46)||(851)||(1,464)|
With the size of the whole northern region of Nigeria and the countries that border the region (Niger and Chad) the Kaduna Refinery has the market to ensure that all it’s output is consumed. i.e. the Nigerian market would consume all the PMS and some of the AGO, and the other countries consuming other products.
The Refinery operating at 90 – 95% capacity and with current crude prices is expected to recoup its investment and make profits in just a few years of operations